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使用 phpmailer 发送邮件,支持抄送、密送和发送附件

2020-04-06 0条评论 2.7k次阅读 PHP


1、使用 composer 下载 phpmailer

composer require phpmailer/phpmailer

2、自定义 Mailer.php 文件,我使用的是TP5.1的框架测试,可自定义了参数弄的有点乱,大家将就下

<?php

namespace util;

use PHPMailer\PHPMailer\PHPMailer;

class Mailer
{
    // 编码格式为utf8,不设置编码的话,中文会出现乱码
    protected $charSet = 'utf-8';

    // 发送方的SMTP服务器地址,QQ邮箱为:smtp.qq.com
    protected $host = 'smtp.163.com';

    // 163邮箱的ssl协议方式端口号是465/994  QQ邮箱的ssl协议方式端口号是465/587
    protected $port = 465;

    // 是否使用身份验证,默认false
    protected $smtpAuth = true;

    // 发送方的邮箱用户名,就是你申请163的SMTP服务使用的163邮箱,或者QQ邮箱等
    protected $mailUsername = '';

    // 发送方的邮箱密码,注意用163邮箱这里填写的是“客户端授权密码”而不是邮箱的登录密码!QQ邮箱同理,如果没有授权码就是邮箱密码
    protected $mailPassword = '';

    // 使用ssl协议方式
    protected $smtpSecure = 'ssl';

    // 错误调试,默认关闭
    protected $smtpDebug = 0;

    // 发送邮件地址
    protected $mailFrom = '';

    // 发送名称
    protected $mailFromname = '';

    // 回复邮箱地址
    protected $replyMail = '';

    /**
     * 初始化发送邮件参数
     * @param array $conf
     */
    public function __construct($conf = [])
    {
        if (!empty($conf)) {
            $this->charSet      = !empty($conf['charSet']) ? $conf['charSet'] : $this->charSet;
            $this->host         = !empty($conf['host']) ? $conf['host'] : $this->host;
            $this->port         = !empty($conf['port']) ? $conf['port'] : $this->port;
            $this->smtpAuth     = isset($conf['smtpAuth']) ? $conf['smtpAuth'] : $this->smtpAuth;
            $this->mailUsername = !empty($conf['mailUsername']) ? $conf['mailUsername'] : $this->mailUsername;
            $this->mailPassword = !empty($conf['mailPassword']) ? $conf['mailPassword'] : $this->mailPassword;
            $this->smtpSecure   = isset($conf['smtpSecure']) ? $conf['smtpSecure'] : $this->smtpSecure;
            $this->smtpDebug    = isset($conf['smtpDebug']) ? $conf['smtpDebug'] : $this->smtpDebug;
            $this->mailFrom     = !empty($conf['mailFrom']) ? $conf['mailFrom'] : $this->mailFrom;
            $this->mailFromname = !empty($conf['mailFromname']) ? $conf['mailFromname'] : $this->mailFromname;
        } else {
            $mail_smtpAuth   = config('email.mail_smtpAuth');
            $mail_smtpSecure = config('email.mail_smtpSecure');
            $mail_smtpDebug  = config('email.mail_smtpDebug');

            $this->host         = !empty(config('email.mail_host')) ? config('email.mail_host') : $this->host;
            $this->port         = !empty(config('email.mail_port')) ? config('email.mail_port') : $this->port;
            $this->smtpAuth     = isset($mail_smtpAuth) ? config('email.mail_smtpAuth') : $this->smtpAuth;
            $this->mailUsername = !empty(config('email.mail_mailUsername')) ? config('email.mail_mailUsername') : $this->mailUsername;
            $this->mailPassword = !empty(config('email.mail_mailPassword')) ? config('email.mail_mailPassword') : $this->mailPassword;
            $this->smtpSecure   = isset($mail_smtpSecure) ? config('email.mail_smtpSecure') : $this->smtpSecure;
            $this->smtpDebug    = isset($mail_smtpDebug) ? config('email.mail_smtpDebug') : $this->smtpDebug;
            $this->mailFrom     = !empty(config('email.mail_mailFrom')) ? config('email.mail_mailFrom') : $this->mailFrom;
            $this->mailFromname = !empty(config('email.mail_mailFromname')) ? config('email.mail_mailFromname') : $this->mailFromname;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 发送邮件
     *
     * @param string|array $to_mail 单人发送为邮箱地址,多人发送[['email'=>'***@163.com', 'name'=>'发送人名称']]
     * @param string $mail_title    发送邮件标题
     * @param string $mail_body     发送邮件正文
     * @param string $to_name       单人发送时,个人名称,多人无效
     * @param array $options        抄送、秘密抄送、附件设置,格式
     * cc, bcc, attachment 使用到哪个传哪个就行了,不需要的可以不写
     * [
     *   'cc'  => [['email'=>'抄送邮箱地址1', 'name'=>'收件人姓名,如果为空此参数可没有']],
     *   'bcc' => [['email'=>'秘密抄送邮箱地址1', 'name'=>'收件人姓名,如果为空此参数可没有']],
     *   'attachment' => [['file_path'=>'附件地址', 'file_name'=>'附件名称,如果为空此参数可没有']]
     * ]
     * @return array
     */
    public function sendEmail($to_mail = '', $mail_title = '', $mail_body = '', $to_name = '', $options = [])
    {
        $mailer = new PHPMailer();

        // 使用SMTP服务
        $mailer->isSMTP();
        $mailer->isHTML();
        $mailer->SMTPDebug  = $this->smtpDebug;
        $mailer->CharSet    = $this->charSet;
        $mailer->Host       = $this->host;
        $mailer->Port       = $this->port;
        $mailer->SMTPAuth   = $this->smtpAuth;
        $mailer->Username   = $this->mailUsername;
        $mailer->Password   = $this->mailPassword;
        $mailer->SMTPSecure = $this->smtpSecure;
        $mailer->From       = $this->mailFrom;
        $mailer->FromName   = $this->mailFromname;

        // 设置收件人信息,如邮件格式说明中的收件人,这里会显示为 zhangsan(yyyy@163.com)
        if (is_array($to_mail)) {
            foreach ($to_mail as $mail) {
                $mailer->addAddress($mail['email'], $mail['name']);
            }
        } else {
            $mailer->addAddress($to_mail, $to_name);
        }

        if (!empty($this->replyMail)) {
            // 设置回复人信息,指的是收件人收到邮件后,如果要回复,回复邮件将发送到的邮箱地址,第二个参数代表回复的邮箱收到邮件后看到名称
            $mailer->addReplyTo($this->replyMail, $to_name);
            if (is_array($to_mail)) {
                foreach ($to_mail as $mail) {
                    $mailer->addReplyTo($mail['email'], $mail['name']);
                }
            } else {
                $mailer->addReplyTo($to_mail, $to_name);
            }
        }

        // 设置邮件抄送人,邮件地址和姓名
        if (isset($options['cc'])) {
            $cc_mail = $options['cc'];
            foreach ($cc_mail as $mail) {
                $mail_name = $mail['name'] ?? $mail['name'];
                $mailer->addCC($mail['email'], $mail_name);
            }
        }

        // 设置秘密抄送人,邮件地址和姓名
        if (isset($options['bcc'])) {
            $bcc_mail = $options['bcc'];
            foreach ($bcc_mail as $mail) {
                $mail_name = $mail['name'] ?? $mail['name'];
                $mailer->addBCC($mail['email'], $mail_name);
            }
        }

        // 设置发送附件,** 文件地址不支持URL格式 **
        if (!empty($options['attachment'])) {
            $attachment = $options['attachment'];
            foreach ($attachment as $val) {
                $file_name = isset($val['file_name']) ? $val['file_name'] : '';
                $mailer->addAttachment($val['file_path'], $file_name);
            }
        }

        $mailer->Subject = $mail_title; // 邮件标题
        $mailer->Body    = $mail_body;  // 邮件正文
        $mailer->AltBody = "请切换到支持 HTML 的邮件客户端,或者使用浏览器打开";  // 这个是设置纯文本方式显示的正文内容,如果不支持Html方式,就会用到这个,基本无用

        // 发送邮件
        if (!$mailer->send()) {
            // 输出错误信息
            return ['code'=>1, 'msg'=>$mailer->ErrorInfo];
        }

        return ['code'=>0];
    }
}

3、测试

# 需要引入文件
use util\Mailer;

# 使用
$Mailer = new Mailer();

# 发送
$email   = '****@qq.com';
$options = [
    'cc' => [
        ['email'=>'****@163.com', 'name'=>'163邮箱1']
    ],
    'bcc' => [
        ['email'=>'****@qq.com', 'name'=>'QQ邮箱2']
    ],
];
$res     = $Mailer->sendEmail($email, '测试标题', '测试内容', 'QQ邮箱1', $options);
print_r($res);

注意:发送附件不能使用URL文件地址

转载:http://www.baiyongj.com/news/504.html

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